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17 April 2014

10/2014 Lemchan chungchang lawrkhawm

LEMCHANGTUTE HRIATTUR

Drama, Lemchan kan tih fo chungchang hi mithiamte thuziak khaikhawmin sawi tum ila. Hmanlai Grik mi ten 3000-2000BC vel atanga an lo chin tanah ngaih a ni a. An pathian biak dan leh sakhuana-in a kaihhnawih atanga lo intan chhuak niin an ngai a ni. Darkar khat atanga darkar li vel chhung chan a ni thin a. Hmanlaia Grik hunah chuan Chaw ei kham atangin Drama (Tragedy) pali te an en thin a, chumi hnu-a mipui rilru ngui chawh harh nan Short Play (Drama tawi) darkar chanve chhungte an chang thin a ni. Kum zabi 19na hun laia Radio leh TV lo chhuah atang hian tunlaia lemchan tawi erawh hi chu vawrh lar a ni. Lemchan tawi, 15 minutes play emaw Skit emaw pawh a hming pu thin mah sela Drama/lemchan kalphung hi a bosan ngai lo a ni.

Lemchan (drama) hi thawnthu (novel) nen inanga ngai an awm thin a, mahse lemchanah chuan Darkar 24 emaw darkar 30 chhunga thil thleng sawichhuahna leh lemchan lantirna a ni a. Chumi a nih avang chuan thawnthu leh essay anga pawhfan theih a ni lo a, seprawtuia tlakduah lam a kawk lo a ni. Chumi a nih avang chuan Majorie Boulton chuan “thu leh hla che vel leh tawng thei – literature that walks and talks” a lo ti a. Lemchan hi kalphung leh ziarang nei fumfe ber a ni an lo ti thin. Essay, Article ziah tam tak a awm lai hian Drama erawh ziaktu an tam loh avang pawh hian thil namai lo a ni tih a lang chiang hle bawk.

Lemchan emaw short play emaw skit emaw pawh nise, Lemchan kalphung zulzuia lem chan hi tihmakmawh niin, hmuhnawm ngawta buatsaihtute erawh chuan a kalphung leh nihphung, hmanrua (dramatic devices) an ngaipawimawh thin lo fo. Drama intihsiak hmasa ber pawl Thespis-ah pawh khan a changtu hmanga thil tha eng emaw tarlan an lo ching tawh a. Thil tha lo leh nungchang tha lo tarlan ngawt kha an tum ngai lo a ni. Nikhat chhunga thil thleng langsar chan thin a nih angin Lemchanah hian huapzau takin thil a sawi vek theih loh a, sawilan ringawt kha a huapzauna a ni hek lo. Short play/Skit a nih chuan thupui kha thlurbingin penhleh a nei tlem hle thin a. Nimahsela, tunlaia Show hrang hrangah hi chu entertainment a nih avangin hlimawm zawnga kalpui a ni thin a, thlirtu mipui a hip hle thin. Tehna lamah erawh a tla na tak tak thei lo a ni.

Tunlaia Drama kan hriatlar ber berte hi Seneca hunlai (BC 65 AD) vel kha a ni a. Elizabethan period-a William Shakespeare te, Christopher Marlow te khan an lo vawrh lar zual a, a ching hmasate an khum hneh hle a ni. Hmanlaia Drama hmasa a, thil rapthlak leh thisen chhuahna, Vantirhkoh leh chantuala chan remchang lo chu Zualko (chorus, hla thu leh zai etc)a report tir a ni thin. Chorus erawh chuan hmun pawimawh a chang lem tawh lo a ni. Chan Nga (5) a thenin lan tam tak siam a ni thin a. CHAN 1-ah hian Thu bul an phochhuak thin a, CHAN 2na-ah chuan Harsatna (Problems) intanin hun an hmang bawk. CHAN 3na-ah chuan a vawr tawp (Climax) awmin, CHAN 4na chu harsatna leh buaina bul lo lanchhuahna niin, CHAN 5-na chu a chinfelna a ni thin a ni. Dar 2 daih emaw darkar chanve (Short Play) pawh nise, Lemchan tha chuan hemi ruangam hi a zui fo thin a ni. A changtute chan dan tur pawh rual (balance) tawkin semzai a ni ang a, An inbiakna tawngkam pawh a changkangin pakhatin sawi teuh lovin an inbiakna pangngai angina changtute chu a inbiaktir hlawm thin (Literature Kawngpui – Dr KC Vanlalnghaka)

Lemchan hi a ruangam (Plot) hi a thlarau a nih avangin a bul, a lai leh tawpna mumal tak a nei thin. Chuvangin Drama kha a thawh tur dik tak a thawh theihna turin a trai darh lo thei ang bera ruahmanin a hlawm tha tur a ni. In sa turin a chung emaw, a ban emaw, a chhuat emaw a hlamchhiah bik thiang lo a  ni. A pianhmangah hian a ban phun loh chuan a chung a sak ngawt theih lo hang hian fiamthu leh hlimawm ngawt a huap reng bik lo a ni. Chuti ang chuan thil thleng a indawt tur a ni a, thubul inphochhuahna te, harsatna lo piang te, harsatna vawrtawp lo thleng te, buaina lo chhuah chhan hriat leh sutkian dan chuan a hlimawm nge lungngaihna a thlen thin ngaihtuah a ngai a ni.

Lemchan pianhmangah chuan A changtute (Character) chuan a nihna a phawk chhuak zo ang a, an inbiakna (Dialogue) atangin chetzia tel kher lo pawhin lantir a ni thin a. Hemi tel lo chuan lemchan a chiang thei lo a ni. Buaina, duhthusam ang ni lo a thleng ngei thin a, chu chuan a lemchan thupui thlanchhuah a kawk ngei tur a ni a. (Ram leh hnam humhalh lam ni lovin, ram leh hnam humhalhna tura thupui Nupui pasal, environment humhalh, incheina etc etc., Drama thupui  zawk kha). Chung ang chu hmuh theih tura chan (Spectacles) a nih chuan entu te mit a tlai thei dawn a ni. Chantual awl leh chan theih loh thil hrilhfiahna atan Chorus, Zaipawl, Zai, Track hmanga thupui tanpuitu hi Drama pianhmang chu a ni.

Peng leh lawk ila, Khawvel pawhin a ngaihdan William Shakespeare-a Lemchan kalhmang thlir hian A thupui atan Mihring nun chhungril leh mizia tilang lo a awm ngai lo a. Thupui nei lovin lemchan an ziak ngai lo a ni. A tawngkam mawi hmandanah hi a lar phahin, Fiamthu hlawm hmang lovin, nuih dur durna a hmang tlem hle a. Phunrukna (siloliqui) erawh a hmang uar fo thin. Shakespearea ropuina chu a thuziakin mi a den nat dan (Impression) hi a ni. Chhirtute thinlung a den nat chhana an sawi chu Mihring dinhmun (humanism) a ngaipawimawh hle a, a lemchan thawnthu-ah te hian a tuartu lungawina zan tura phuba lakna a tilang ngai lo a, tisualtu chu hrem tur ni mahsela, a tawpna chu chunglam tih tura a dah thiam hi a ropuina a ni.

Tunlai khawvelah chuan hlimhlawp leh hmuhnawm ngaina kan nih avangin film leh drama te hi nuih dur durna emaw danglam bikna nei tura siam a ni thin a. Thlirtu mipui pawhin an lawm hle thin. Lemchan tha tehna-ah erawh hmun pawimawh an chang ngai lo fo, Chhiatna lanchhuahtir a, sutkian si loh emaw thil tha lo inzirtirna ah Drama hi a ngaih phah thei bawk. Tun hnai deuha KTP Conference Drama pakhat pawh an nui nasa lutuk a, kawng tha lo lam kawhmuh zawka ngaih a nih avangin TV lama tihchhuah (Publish) lo tura ngen hial a ni. Mizo zingah Lungsakawl lehkhabu Sena Tlau ziak hi Drama a ni em tih inhnialna pawh a lo awm ta, A sawitu mumal tak ten sawi vek mahse la, ti ti danphung ziah lanna a nih avangin Dram huangah erawh khung a har hle a ni.

Lemchan tha  lantir tur chuan heng point sawmte hi ngaih pawimawh thei ila :
1.       Timing : Hun bituk a awm a nih chuan ngaih pawimawh tur a ni a, hmang tling lo lutuk emaw pel lutuk emaw chu ang khat reng a ni fo thin.

2.       Lemchan kalphung leh pianhmang  zawm : Lemchan pianhmang a zawm em tih ngaihtuah chungin a ruangam (plot), A changtu (character), inbiakna tawngkam (dialogue), harsat buaina (conflict), Spectacles, chorus/song a keng tel tur a ni a. Lemchan hmanrua (devices) zingah Dramatic Irony (ze thlak, a tirah nihna thup a, a tawpa lanchhuahtirna), Disguise (Ze thlak) a awm thin a, Entirna atan inchhirna emaw simna. Soliloqui (phunrukna) chuan mipui hriattheih tura phunrukna a awm ang. Aside (phun sep sepna) hi a changtu te zingah puanchhuh a ni ang a, a changtu ten hre lovin mipui erawh chuan an hria ang.

3.       Thupui thlan anga lemchan : Thupui huapzau tak emaw sawrbing pawh nise, Drama kalphung leh pianhmang bawhchhe lovin Lemchan thupui kha a sawr chhuak tur a ni.

4.       Tawngkam : Lemchan chhunga tawngkam (Dialogue) leh rik chhuahtir dan hi a pawimawh hle a, lungngai chu lungngai aw niin, naupang tawng chu naupang aw leh tawng hmang anga rik chhuahtir thiamna hi a ni. Inhnialna, inlawmna, infuihna leh inhauna, tawngtaina etc hian rikchhuah dan an neih vek avangin hman thiam a pawimawh hle.

5.       Action and Gesture, Behaviour : Nunphung, zaizir leh lanchhuahtir thiamna hian dinhmun pawimawh tak a luah a, tehfung atana pawimawh tak a ni. Hero leh Heroin ti lo a, Actor leh Actress kan tih fo chhan pawh hi zaizir a pawimawh vanga lantir thiam sawi nan an hmang bawk.

6.       Audience Attractiveness : Lemchan chuan a thlirtu mipuite a hip em tih ngaihtuah tur a ni a, a thupuiin nuih dur dur a keng tel emaw a tahtir emaw a ngawih thrap tir tur a ni. A thupui a zir leh a drama chi hrang angin mipui a hip tur a ni. Aristotle leh Scorates te thusawi thiam dan ang a, ngaihthlak reng chak emaw sawi zo thuai thuai se, ti ve chhin ila tih ang chiahin mipui thlir dan leh hruai tum dan tur ngaihtuah tur a ni.

7.       Presence of Mind : A thuziah (Script) hman a remchang lo emaw accident thleng emaw remchan zawkna avanga a changtu ten chawpchilh taka an siamrem thiamna hi a ni. A nachang hriatna hi a changtu leh ziaktu rilru lanchhuahna leh finna tehna a nih avangin hmanraw awm hmanthiam kawngah te a tangkai hle.

8.       Costume : Lemchan hmun hma leh a thupui, a changtute nunphung leh ze mil, a hunlai anga incheina leh hmanrua hman thiamna hi a ni. Thawmhnaw, Stage, music te pawh hi a ni thei.

9.       Impoverization : Lemchan chuan mipui/thlirtu mamawhna ang emaw a puang chhuak em tih hi chhinchhiah tur a ni

10.   Creativeness : Lemchanna hmun azira a ngaihna hriatna leh ngaihtuah chhuah thiamna hi a ni a, hmangchang hriatna an ti bawk thin. Mi tihdan zir ngawt kawk lovin, tawngkam leh chetze hman/copy dawn pawha mahni irawm chhuaka kawihher thiamna hi a pawimawh hle

Source :
 Literarture kawngpui - Dr KV Vanlalnghaka
Lecture on Drama – Darchuailova Renthlei
Lungsakawl – Sena Tlau (TC Jonunsanga)

Ropuiliani – Dr Laltluangliana Khiangte

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